Critical regionalism is an approach to architecture that strives to counter the placelessness and lack of identity of the International Style, but also rejects regionalism in architecture pdf whimsical individualism and ornamentation of Postmodern architecture. The stylings of critical regionalism seek to provide an architecture rooted in the modern tradition, but tied to geographical and cultural context.
Critical regionalism is not simply regionalism in the sense of vernacular architecture. It is a progressive approach to design that seeks to mediate between the global and the local languages of architecture. The phrase “critical regionalism” was first used by the architectural theorists Alexander Tzonis and Liane Lefaivre and, with a slightly different meaning, by the historian-theorist Kenneth Frampton.
Critical Regionalists thus hold that both modern and post-modern architecture are “deeply problematic”. According to Frampton’s proposal, critical regionalism should adopt modern architecture, critically, for its universal progressive qualities but at the same time value should be placed on the geographical context of the building. Frampton draws on phenomenology for his argument. Finland: the grass steps appeal to the tactile sense.
Two examples Frampton briefly discusses are Jørn Utzon and Alvar Aalto. Copenhagen is a self-conscious synthesis between universal civilization and world culture.